Q. Who is the Holy Spirit?
Holy Spirit is a person and not a force.
Characteristics of Holy Spirit:
- Omniscient, Intelligence (1 Cor 2:10-11)
- Omnipotent, creator (Gen 1:2)
- Omnipresence (Ps 139:7)
- Wisdom (Isa 40:13)
- Holiness (Luke 11:13)
- Feelings (Eph 4:30)
- Will (1 Cor 12:11)
Works of Holy Spirit:
- Teaches (John 14:26)
- Guides (Rom 8:14)
- Commissions (Acts 13:4)
- Commands (Acts 8:29)
- Restrains (Gen 6:3)
- Intercedes (Rom 8:26)
- Speaks (john 15:26, 2 Pet 1:21)
Man’s response to Holy Spirit:
- Obeyed (Acts 10:19-21)
- Lied to (Acts 5:3)
- Resisted (Acts 7:51)
- Revered (Ps 51:11)
- Blasphemed (Matt 12:31)
- Grieved (Eph. 4:30)
- Outraged (Heb 10:29)
Holy Spirit is an equal in deity with the Father and the Son and not a subordinate.
- Named with other persons of Trinity (Acts 5:3-4, Matt 28:19, 2 Cor 13,14)
- All knowing, all powerful, eternal (see Characteristics above)
- Begetting Christ (Luke 1:35)
- Convicting men (John 16:8)
- Regenerating men (John 3:5-6)
- Comforting / helping (John 14:16)
- Interceding (Rom 8:26-27)
- Sanctifying (2 Thess 2:13)
- The Holy Spirit is a Christ-centered and his ministry focuses on Christ. He changes us into the likeness of Jesus Christ.
- He is sent by the Father and the Son, to be a helper, counselor. (John 14:15)
- He baptizes the believer with Holy Spirit (into the universal body of Christ).
- He fills the believer with the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18-21). It is not a once-for-all experience, it is a continuous process of sanctification.
- The commandment to be filled with the Spirit is dependent on the believer’s walk in obedience and dependance on God. (Eph 4:30, John 14:23)
- Holy Spirit enables the believer to overcome the sinful self (Gal 5:16-18) and empowers to act boldly to accomplish God’s purpose. (Acts 4:29-31)
- He gives evidence of His presence and working by producing good fruit in believer’s life. (Gal 5:22)
- He has given spiritual gifts to each believer as He wills, to be used in serving the body of Christ, the Church. (Rom 12:3-8, 1 Cor. 12:11, Eph. 4:7-12)
(This bible study notes are provided by Steinle)
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