Who is the Holy Spirit: Bible Doctrine

Q. Who is the Holy Spirit?

Holy Spirit is a person and not a force.

Characteristics of Holy Spirit:

  • Omniscient, Intelligence (1 Cor 2:10-11)
  • Omnipotent, creator (Gen 1:2)
  • Omnipresence (Ps 139:7)
  • Wisdom (Isa 40:13)
  • Holiness (Luke 11:13)
  • Feelings (Eph 4:30)
  • Will (1 Cor 12:11)

Works of Holy Spirit:

  • Teaches (John 14:26)
  • Guides (Rom 8:14)
  • Commissions (Acts 13:4)
  • Commands (Acts 8:29)
  • Restrains (Gen 6:3)
  • Intercedes (Rom 8:26)
  • Speaks (john 15:26, 2 Pet 1:21)

Man’s response to Holy Spirit:

  • Obeyed (Acts 10:19-21)
  • Lied to (Acts 5:3)
  • Resisted (Acts 7:51)
  • Revered (Ps 51:11)
  • Blasphemed (Matt 12:31)
  • Grieved (Eph. 4:30)
  • Outraged (Heb 10:29)

Holy Spirit is an equal in deity with the Father and the Son and not a subordinate.

  • Named with other persons of Trinity (Acts 5:3-4, Matt 28:19, 2 Cor 13,14)
  • All knowing, all powerful, eternal (see Characteristics above)
  • Begetting Christ (Luke 1:35)
  • Convicting men (John 16:8)
  • Regenerating men (John 3:5-6)
  • Comforting / helping (John 14:16)
  • Interceding (Rom 8:26-27)
  • Sanctifying (2 Thess 2:13)

How does the Holy Spirit act?the holy spirit

  • The Holy Spirit is a Christ-centered and his ministry focuses on Christ. He changes us into the likeness of Jesus Christ.
  • He is sent by the Father and the Son, to be a helper, counselor. (John 14:15)
  • He baptizes the believer with Holy Spirit (into the universal body of Christ).
  • He fills the believer with the Holy Spirit (Eph 5:18-21). It is not a once-for-all experience, it is a continuous process of sanctification.
  • The commandment to be filled with the Spirit is dependent on the believer’s walk in obedience and dependance on God. (Eph 4:30, John 14:23)
  • Holy Spirit enables the believer to overcome the sinful self (Gal 5:16-18) and empowers to act boldly to accomplish God’s purpose. (Acts 4:29-31)
  • He gives evidence of His presence and working by producing good fruit in believer’s life. (Gal 5:22)
  • He has given spiritual gifts to each believer as He wills, to be used in serving the body of Christ, the Church. (Rom 12:3-8, 1 Cor. 12:11, Eph. 4:7-12)

(This bible study notes are provided by Steinle)


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  1. says

    I agree with you when you say that the Holy Spirit is a person. But why do you use the statement “What is the Holy Spirit?” instead of “Who is the Holy Spirit?”

  2. Bible SEO says

    Hi Yohan,
    Its a valid question. and I have decided to change the title to “Who is the holy spirit?” Thanks.

  3. Jonathan says

    Wow, your Bible content on this site is really good. You’ve done very well with it.

    I could use these for sermons! haha

    I’ll be checking you out, maybe even subscribing via email!

    God bless!

  4. derek says

    A question? As a christian,Is it my duty in life to overcome sin completely? If so then how will that be manifest to others?

  5. dr pieter barkhuizen says

    John 14 applies. What does it mean that “He Who was WITH them, will now be IN THEM”? Gal 2:20 Paul says Christ was IN HIM. Were there TWO PERSONS in Paul? Jesus AND the Holy Spirit? Or IS God the Father and Jesus’ Spirit HOLY? The adjective HOLY describes the Spirit OF God. Rev 22:3 speaks of only TWO that will be sitting on the throne of God. Why is there no mention of a THIRD person in John 17:3? Pull up Adventist Alternative and read the section on the COMFORTER. God is OMNIPRESENT, THAT is His Holy Spirit=HIMSELF manifested in our lives. Can we take a PICTURE of the PERSON of the Holy Spirit? Or are we dealing with the metaphysical presence and power of God? Acts 1:8 Nowhere will you read that the Father or Son ever communicated with the Holy Spirit. No one had ever SEEN or PRAYED to the Holy Spirit. When was the Hole Spirit begotten or born? What for? God is OMNIPRESENT and does not need any extra help!


    I have found that you have good materials but I may asking if you can offer me through Post Office I will appreciate. Thanks my Box 1026 Muias, East Africa – Kenya


  1. […] Eph 2:20-21: Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God’s people and members of God’s household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit. […]

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